What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a cultural holiday celebrated in the African American community. Kwanzaa, the name, is derived from the Swahili word Kwanza. Expressed as the phrase “Matunda ya Kwanza” it means first fruit. Founded by Dr. Maulana Karenga in 1966, Kwanzaa is based on seven principles known as the Nguzo Saba. The seven principles are:
Umoja, meaning unity
Kujichagulia, meaning self-determination
Ujima, meaning collective work and responsibility
Ujamaa, meaning cooperative economics
Nia, meaning purpose